Burundi government forces closure of UN rights office there after 23 years

Burundi's government has forced the United Nations human rights office 
Burundi's government has forced the United Nations human rights office in the troubled East African country to close after 23 years, the UN rights chief announced with "deep regret" on Tuesday, local time. 

 Burundi in December asked the UN office to leave, months after the outgoing UN rights chief called the country one of the "most prolific slaughterhouses of humans in recent times". 

 New rights chief Michelle Bachelet said in a statement that human rights gains in Burundi have been "seriously jeopardised" since 2015. 

That is when President Pierre Nkurunziza announced he would run for another, disputed term, leading to months of violence that the UN has said killed more than 1200 people. In New York, UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres "was deeply disappointed by the decision to close down the human rights office". 

Guterres thinks Burundi's government should work with the UN rights office "regarding the human rights situation in the country", the spokesman said.

 Burundi has been pulling back from international criticism, making history in 2017 as the first country to withdraw from the International Criminal Court. 

 The government has long been angered by UN reports describing alleged abuses amid the political turmoil. ICC judges authorized an investigation into allegations of state-sponsored crimes including murder, rape and torture – a decision unaffected by Burundi's withdrawal from the court.

 The government strongly denies allegations it targets its own people, saying the charges are malicious propaganda spread by exiles. 

 Burundi suspended its cooperation with the UN rights office in October 2016, accusing it of "complicity with coup plotters and Burundi's enemies" after a report alleged the "involvement of the regime in systematic abuses and a risk of genocide". 

In December 2017, the government shut four regional offices of the UN rights office. And a team of experts mandated by the UN Human Rights Council to look into possible abuses was expelled in May despite Burundi's agreement to cooperate. 

 "I am disappointed by Burundi's lack of cooperation in recent years with UN human rights mechanisms, which even went so far as to include threats to prosecute" members of that commission of inquiry, Bachelet said in her statement.

 The UN office in Burundi was established in 1995, two years after the assassination of then-president Melchior Ndadaye in 1993. 

His death sparked a civil war between the East African nation's two dominant ethnic groups, the Hutu and Tutsi, in which an estimated 300,000 people died.

AP
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